Electric Generator

Wooden Generator

 

Making an electric generator is a good way of learning the principles of generators. It also is an exciting science project. 

As a display project, you just need to make it and demonstrate its structure. As an experimental project, you need to come up with questions about the factors that may affect the rate of production of electricity. 


Question:

If you want to do this as an experimental project, following are some suggested questions:

  1. How does the speed of turning affect the production of electricity?
  2. How does the diameter of coil affect the production of electricity?
  3. How does the number of loops of wire in the coil affect the production of electricity?
  4. How does the wire gage (diameter of coil-wire) affect the electric current?
  5. How do the material used in the construction of an electric generator affect the production of electricity?

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Hypothesis: 

Depending on the question that you select, you may predict an answer. That is called your hypothesis.

Dependent and Independent Variables

The factor that you are testing is your independent variable. For example the speed of turning and diameter of wire are samples of independent variables. The rate of production of electricity is the dependent variable.

Material:

Following are the material that you need in order to construct a wooden electric generator.

  1. Wood dowel 3/8" diameter
  2. Wood Dowel 1" diameter.
  3. Rod magnet 3" long
  4. Insulated copper wire 
  5. 1.2 Volt Screw Base light Bulb
  6. Base for the light bulb
  7. Small sand paper
  8. Wood Glue
  9. 1/2 Square foot Balsa wood (1/8" diameter)

Preparation:

If you are buying a kit, all the wooden parts are included and they are already cut to the size. So you just need to connect them. If you don't have a kit, prepare the wooden parts as follows:

  1. Cut two square pieces from the balsa wood (3.5" x 3.5").
  2. Make a 3/8" hole in the center of each square.
  3. Cut four 1" x 3 7/16.
  4. Cut a 3/4" piece from the 1" wood dowel. Make a 3/8" hole in the center of it. Insert a 6" long 3/8" wood dowel in the hole, apply some glue. center it and wait for it to dry. 
  5. Make another hole with the diameter of your rod magnet in the center of the larger wood dowel piece for the magnet to go through.
Wood dowels after completing the step 4
Wood dowels after completing the step 5